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IMS Abstract Framework

Note: This information is taken from the TALL Desk Study

Vendor

IMS Global Learning Consortium, Inc.

Context

The IMS Abstract Framework is very similar in scope to the LSAL Learning Services Architecture and the ELF.

Relevance

The principle of the IAF is similar to that of the ELF, except IMS are not attempting to build the components of the framework. In this sense it can only be a structural guide to developers who wish to build components of the ELF. It is not clear from the IAF how the IMS services (standards) map onto it. In fact it would appear that the majority of the IMS work has moved on and does not attempt to relate to the IAF. What was supposed to be a guide to IMS development activities seems to have fallen out of use. The work undertaken at LSAL seems to be a better source of information for developers as much of their activity can be mapped to (or related to) their framework.

Features not directly related to ELF

Affiliation
An Affiliation Component contains the data structures and interfaces responsible for describing the organisation affiliations associated with the learner, e.g. professional memberships.

Accessibility
An Accessibility Component contains the data structures and interfaces responsible for describing the cognitive, technical and physical preferences of the learner, such as disability, eligibility and language capabilities. These describe the learner's capabilities to interact with the learning environment.
May relate to the ELF User Preferences service.

Goal
A Goal Component contains the data structures and interfaces responsible for describing the learner's personal objectives and aspirations. These descriptions may also include information for monitoring progress in achieving the goals. A goal can be defined in terms of sub-goals.

Interest
An Interest Component contains the data structures and interfaces responsible for describing the hobbies and other recreational activities of a learner. These interests may have formal awards (as described in the associated 'QCL Component'). Electronic versions of the products of these interests may also be contained.
This could be contained in the ELF Person service.

Item
An Item Component contains all of the necessary instructions to enable the presentation of the associated question, the response processing to produce the set of scores, and the corresponding feedback. The results from an Item can be reported using the Result Report Component.

Object-bank
The Object-bank Component is used to enable the grouping of Items and Sections in a databank. This databank is then used as the repository that is referenced by Assessments and Sections.

Party
The Party Component defines the data structures and interfaces responsible for describing an individual or an organisation. The information includes names, addresses, demographics, agents, and contact information.
This could be a more general version of the ELF Person service.

QCL
A QCL Component defines the data structures and interfaces responsible for describing the qualifications, certifications and licenses awarded to the learner, i.e. the formally recognised products of their learning and work history. This includes information on the awarding body and may also include electronic copies of the actual documents.

Relationship
A Relationship Component defines the data structures and interfaces responsible for.


http://www.imsglobal.org/af/

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